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Monday, July 9, 2012

History of the "Happy Birthday to You" Song



 
If there is one song that we all know it has to be the classic "Happy Birthday To You" song. We sing it each year and it has been translated into various languages making it a universal song. Here is a brief history of how this song came about.
History of the Song
no previewThe melody and lyrics were written by two sisters - Mildred J. Hill (born 1859) and Patty Smith Hill (born 1868). Patty was a schoolteacher who developed the "Patty Hill blocks" and was a faculty member at Columbia University Teachers College. Mildred was also an educator who later on became a composer, organist and pianist. The melody was composed by Mildred and the lyrics were written by Patty, but it was originally for a classroom greeting song titled "Good Morning to All." The song "Good Morning to All" was part of the book Song Stories for the Kindergarten which the sisters co-wrote and published in 1893.
From then on the lyrics were changed from its original form to "Good Morning to You" and then to "Happy Birthday to You." It is still unclear who changed the lyrics that turned it into a birthday song, but it was first published in 1924 on a book edited by Robert H. Coleman. Since then, the song became popular and in 1934, Jessica Hill, another Hill sister, filed a lawsuit because of the unauthorized use of the "Happy Birthday to You" melody which clearly resembles the melody of "Good Morning to All," the song her sisters originally wrote. In 1935, Jessica, who was working with publisher Clayton F. Summy Company, copyrighted and published "Happy Birthday."
no previewIn the 1930s the Clayton F. Summy Company was bought by John F. Sengstack and renamed it Birch Tree Ltd. In 1998, Birch Tree Ltd was in turn bought by Warner Chappell for $25 million. The company is now known as Summy-Birchard Music. It is reported that the birthday song brings in about $2 million a year in royalties with half going to Summy-Birchard and the other half to the Hill Foundation.

9th July IS MY BIRTHDAY AND MY BLOG BIRTHDAY TOO: TOGETHER WITH Historical Events on this Day in History.

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Famous Birthdays on this Day in History

Birthdays in History for Monday 9th July 2012
1511 - Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1571)
1513 - John van Hembyze, Flemish calvinist
1535 - Emanuel van Meteren, Southern Neth, merchant/historian
1577 - Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English Jamestown colonist (d. 1618)
1578 - Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia/Hungary/German Emperor (1619-37)
1589 - Johannes a Sancto Thoma, [Poinset], Portuguese theologist
1654 - Emperor Reigen of Japan (d. 1732)
1686 - Philip Livingston, Albany, New York, American businessman and politician (d. 1749)
1689 - Alexis Piron, French writer (d. 1773)
1721 - Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (d. 1781)
1753 - William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
1764 - Ann Ward Radcliffe, English Gothic novelist (Italian)
1766 - J Schopenhauer, writer
1775 - Matthew Lewis, English novelist (d. 1818)
1777 - Henry Hallam, British lawyer/historian
1786 - Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France (d. 1787)
1791 - Nicolas Ledesma, composer
1800 - Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (d. 1885)
1802 - Thomas Davenport, invented 1st coml electric motor
1805 - Henry John Gauntlett, composer
1808 - Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (d. 1887)
1809 - Frederick Henle, Germany, pathologist
1819 - Elias Howe, Spencer Mass, invented sewing machine
1825 - Jules Oppert, German Assyriologist (decodes characters)
1828 - Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman (d. 1913)
1831 - Johan P van der Kellen, Dutch stamp cutter/lithographer/writer
1836 - Camille de Renesse, Belgian count (d. 1904)
1839 - Carl Baermann, composer
1841 - Carl Christian Lumbye, composer
1848 - Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
1855 - Johann P Zilcher, German composer
1856 - Daniel Guggenheim, US (Guggenheim Museum)
1857 - Frederik II W, grandduke of Baden (1907-18)
1858 - Franz Boas, anthropologist/linguist (Mind of Primitive Man)
1864 - Franz Miller, becomes first Train Murderer
1879 - Friedrich Adler, Austria social-democrat/murderer of premier Storgkh
1879 - Ottorino Respighi, Bologna Italy, composer (Pines of Rome)
1879 - Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (d. 1934)
1882 - Richard Hageman, Dutch/US pianist/composer/conductor (Caponsacchi)
1887 - Samuel Eliot Morison, historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea)
1889 - Leo Dandurand, American-born Canadian hockey executive (d. 1964)
1893 - George Geary, cricketer (sturdy pace bowler for England 1924-34)
1894 - Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
1895 - Cullen Landis, Nashville TN, actor (Soul of the Beast)
1898 - Gerard Walschap, Flemish writer/journalist (Mary, Revolt in Congo)
1898 - Marcel Delannoy, composer
1900 - Robert Oboussier, composer
1901 - Barbara Cartland, romance author (Camfield #69)
1901 - Jester Hairston, NC, actor (Thats My Mama, Rolly-Amen)
1902 - Gerhard Pohl, German writer (Crazy Ferdinand)
1905 - Clarence Campbell, Saskatchewan, 3rd NHL pres (1946-77)
1906 - Beene Dubbelboer, Dutch writer (Secret Resistance)
1906 - Walter Sande, Denver CO, actor (Navy vs Night Monsters)
1908 - Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher (d. 1973)
1910 - Harold C Fox, fashion designer/musician
1911 - Clan Fraser of Lovat, soldier/landowner
1911 - Lord Lovat, [Shimi], Scottish cattle breeder/leader of clan Fraser
1911 - Mervyn Peake, British writer and illustrator (d. 1968)
1911 - John A. Wheeler, American physicist (d. 2008)
1914 - Bill Tallon, cricketer (brother of Don, Queensland leggie)
1914 - Willi Stoph, president German DR
1915 - David Leo Diamond, Rochester NY, composer (Paderewski Prize-1943)
1916 - Edward Heath, (C) British PM (1970-74)
1916 - Joe Liggins, US composer (Pink Champagne)
1916 - Sir Dean Goffin, New Zealand composer (d. 1984)
1917 - Ted Steele, Hartford Ct, orchestra leader (Cavalcade of Stars)
1918 - Herbert Brun, composer
1918 - Rowley I Arenstein, South African attorney/communist/ANC'er
1919 - Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper
1921 - Jacob J Hage, Dutch farmer/WW II resistance fighter
1922 - Rey Hassan, Morroco, King of Morocco (1961- )
1924 - Leonard Pennario, Buffalo NY, pianist (LA Philharmonic)
1924 - Pierre Cochereau, composer
1925 - Alan Dale, Bkln NY, singer (Alan Dale Show)
1925 - Peter Ludwig, businessman/art collector
1925 - Thomas A Luken, (Rep-D-OH, 1973-74, 77- )
1926 - Ben Roy Mottelson, American-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1927 - Ed Ames, Malden Mass, actor (Mingo-Daniel Boone)
1927 - Leonard Patrick "Red" Kelly, NHL hall of famer (Norris trophy)
1927 - Red Kelly, Canadian ice hockey player
1928 - Vince Edwards, Bkln NY, actor (Ben Casey, Matt Lincoln, Firehouse)
1928 - Federico Bahamontes, Spanish cyclist
1929 - Lee Hazelwood, Ok, country singer/songwriter (Summer Wine, Jackson)
1929 - Mawlai al-Hassan II, King of Morocco (1961- )
1929 - Jesse McReynolds, American singer and mandolinist
1930 - Buddy Bregman, Chicago, orchestra leader (Eddie Fisher Show)
1930 - Roy McLean, cricketer (prolific South African batsman played 40 Tests)
1932 - Donald Rumsfeld, politician (involved in Watergate)
1932 - John Paul Getty II, US/British oil magnate/billionaire (Getty Oil)
1933 - Nodar Kalistratovich Gabuniya, composer
1934 - Michael Graves, American architect
1935 - Mercedes Sosa, [La Negra], Argentina, singer
1935 - Ronnie Burns, Evanston Ill, adopted son of George Burns
1935 - Willem Duisenberg, minister of Finance (PvdA)/pres (Nethche Bank)
1936 - David Joel Zinman, NYC, composer/conductor (Balt Symphony-1983)
1936 - James Hampton, Oklahoma City OK, actor (Bugler Dobbs-F Troop, Teen Wolf)
1936 - June Jordan, US playwright/poet (His Own Where)
1937 - Clemon Daniels, AFL player of year 1963, halfback (Oak, Dallas SF)
1937 - David Hockney, Bradford England, artist (Pop Art)
1937 - Richard Roundtree, New Rochelle NY, actor (Getting Even, Shaft)
1937 - Marty Springstead, Nyack, New York, American Major League baseball umpire and umpire supervisor
1938 - Brian Dennehy, Ct, actor (Check is in the Mail, F/X, Cocoon, Ants)
1938 - Paul Seiko Chihara, Seattle Washington, US/Japanese composer
1940 - John Salvito, rocker (Duprees)
1941 - Don McPherson, rocker
1941 - James Scott, director (Strike it Rich)
1941 - Karin von Aroldingen, Germany, ballet dancer (NYC Ballet Co)
1941 - Scotty Baesler, (Rep-D-Kentucky)
1941 - Takehide Nakatani, Japan, lightweight (Olympic-gold-1964)
1942 - Edy Williams, Salt Lake City Utah, actress (Dr Minx)
1942 - Hermann Burger, writer
1942 - Paul B Henry, (Rep-R-Michigan, 1985- )
1942 - Robert Frankel, horse trainer
1942 - Edy Williams, American actress
1943 - Bon Scott, [Ronald Belford], Kirriemuir Scotland, rocker (AC/DC)
1943 - John H Casper, Greenville SC, USAF/astronaut (STS 36, 54, 62, 77)
1944 - Glen [Charles] Cook, US, sci-fi author (Shadowline, Star's End)
1945 - Dean R[ay] Koontz, US, sci-fi author (Star Quest, Beastchild)
1945 - Lewis F Payne Jr, (Rep-D-Virginia)
1945 - Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (d. 1993)
1946 - Joe Micelli, rocker
1946 - Mitch Mitchell, drummer (Jimi Hendrix Experience)
1946 - Natasha Pyne, English actress
1947 - Jerney Kaagman, Dutch singer (Earth & Fire)
NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal OJ SimpsonNFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal OJ Simpson (1947) 1947 - OJ Simpson [Orenthal James}, Santa Fey California, NFL running back (Buf Bills)/Convicted Murderer
1947 - Haruomi Hosono, Japanese musician
1948 - Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian current foreign minister
1951 - Chris Cooper, Kansas City MO, actor (Thousand Pieces of Gold, Matewan)
1952 - John Tesh, Garden City NY, New age pianist/TV host (ET)
1952 - Rod Boll, Fillmore Saskatchwan, trap shooter (Olympics-96)
1953 - Dave Camp, (Rep-R-Michigan)
1953 - Irina D Latysheva, Russian cosmonaut
1953 - Thomas Ligotti, American author
1953 - Margie Gillis, Canadian dancer and choreographer
1954 - Debbie Sledge, Phila, vocalist (Sister Sledge-We are Family)
1955 - Fred Norris, comedy writer/singer (Howard Stern Show)
1955 - Jimmy Smits, Bkln, actor (Victor-LA Law, Running Scared, NYPD Blue)
1955 - Lisa Banes, Chagrin Falls OH, actress (Cocktail, Look Back in Anger)
1955 - Sergei Vladimirovich Krichevsky, Russia, lt-colonel/cosmonaut
1955 - Willie Wilson, American baseball player
Actor Tom HanksActor Tom Hanks (1956) 1956 - Tom Hanks, Concord California, actor (Bossom Buddies, Forrest Gump, Phila)
1956 - [Peter] Marc Almond, Merseyside England, vocalist (Soft Cell)
1957 - Kelly McGillis, Newport Beach Ca, actress (Top Gun, Accused, Witness)
1957 - Tim Kring, American writer and producer
1957 - Paul Merton, British comedian
1958 - Bob Crudgington, Australian softball head coach (Olympics-bronze-96)
1959 - Jim Kerr, Glasgow Scotland, rock vocalist (Simple Minds)
1959 - Kevin Nash, American professional wrestler

1959 - Clive Stafford Smith, British human-rights lawyer
1960 - Christopher J "Gus" Loria, Newton Mass, Major USMC/astronaut
1960 - Marc Mero, American professional wrestler
1961 - Mohammad Aslam, UAE cricketer batsman (1996 World Cup)
1963 - Pamela Annette Sanders, Miami Florida, playmate (November, 1985)
1964 - Courtney Love, Santa Fey California, vocalist (Hole)/actress (People vs Larry Flynt)
1964 - Ronnie Grandison, NBA forward (NY Knicks)
Singer-Songwriter Courtney LoveSinger-Songwriter Courtney Love (1964) 1964 - Scott Rachal Verplank, Dallas TX, PGA golfer (1985 Western Open)
1965 - Bob Hess Jr, horse trainer
1965 - Frank Bello, American heavy metal musician (Anthrax)
1965 - David O'Hara, Irish-Scottish actor
1965 - Jason Rhoades, American installation artist (d. 2006)
1966 - Pamela Adlon, American voice actress
1967 - Gunnar Axén, Swedish politician
1968 - Shawn Harper, NFL tackle (Indianapolis Colts, Frankfurt Galaxy)
1968 - Vardis A Fisher, US writer (Darkness & Deep), dies at 73
1968 - Paolo Di Canio, Italian football player
1968 - Lars Gyllenhaal, Swedish author
1969 - Jerry Drake, NFL defensive linesman (Arizona Cardinals)
1969 - Robert Gordon, CFL receiver (Edmonton Eskimos)
1969 - Venkatapathy Raju, cricketer (Indian slow left-armer)
1970 - Steve Dubinsky, Montreal, NHL center (Chicago Blackhawks)
1970 - Trent Green, NFL quarterback (Washington Redskins)
1970 - Masami Tsuda, Japanese manga author
1971 - Anthony Fieldings, WLAF linebacker (Rhein Fire)
1971 - Bobby Leslie, TV rocker (Guys Next Door-I Was Made For You)
1971 - Chadrick Brown, NFL defensive end (Arizona Cardinals)
1971 - Danalee Bragado, Honolulu, WPVA volleyballer (Best of Beach-9th-1995)
1971 - Ger Senden, soccer player (Roda JC)
1971 - Jill Simon, Miss Iowa USA (1996)
1971 - Scott Grimes, Lowell Mass, actor (Together We Stand)
1971 - Marc Andreessen, American software developer
1971 - Dani Behr, Model & TV Presenter
1972 - Derek Mills, Wash DC, 400m runner
1972 - Pete Kendall, NFL guard (Seattle Seahawks)
1973 - Katasha Artis, WNBA forward (Charlotte Sting)
1973 - Kelly Holcomb, NFL/WLAF quarterback (Buccaneers, Barcelona Dragons)
1973 - Enrique Murciano, American actor
1974 - Nikola Sarcevic, Swedish bassist and singer (Millencolin)
1974 - Sian Berry, British politician
1975 - Jack White, American musician (The White Stripes}
1975 - Shelton Benjamin, American professional wrestler
1976 - Fred Aaron Savage, Ill, actor (Kevin-Wonder Years, Vice Versa)
1977 - Isaac Brock, American musician
1978 - Linda Park, Korean-born actress
1978 - Mark Medlock, German singer
1979 - Ella Koon, Hong Kong singer and actress
1979 - Suzanne Stokes American model, (Playmate of the Month February 2000)
1981 - Kimveer Gill, Canadian spree shooter (Dawson College shooting) (d. 2006)
1982 - Ashly DelGrosso, American ballroom dancer
1982 - Alecko Eskandarian, Armenian-American footballer
1982 - Maggie Ma, Canadian actress
1982 - Sakon Yamamoto, Japanese race-car driver
1983 - Lucia Micarelli, American musician
1984 - Jacob Hoggard, singer of Canadian band Hedley (band)
1985 - Paweł Korzeniowski, Polish swimmer
1985 - Ashley Young, English footballer
1986 - Dominic Cervi, American footballer
1986 - Kiely Williams, American singer and actress
1990 - Fábio and Rafael da Silva, Brazilian footballers
1991 - Mitchel Musso, American actor
1991 - Spencer Elden, Baby/Model on Nirvana (band)'s Nevermind album
1995 - Georgie Henley, English actress


Historical Events on this Day in History

Events in History for Monday 9th July 2012

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