Translate this blog in your favourable language

Sunday, April 30, 2017

ITS IMPORTANT TO KNOW MORE ABOUT EBOLA VIRUS AND MARBURG VIRUS WHICH RELATED AND CAUSE HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS.


By Mayo Clinic Staff and Posted By Steven Mruma
          Ebola virus and Marburg virus are related viruses that cause hemorrhagic fevers — illnesses marked by severe bleeding (hemorrhage), organ failure and, in many cases, death. Both viruses are native to Africa, where sporadic outbreaks have occurred for decades.
Ebola virus and Marburg virus live in animal hosts, and humans can contract the viruses from infected animals. After the initial transmission, the viruses can spread from person to person through contact with body fluids or contaminated needles.
No drug has been approved to treat either virus. People diagnosed with Ebola or Marburg virus receive supportive care and treatment for complications. Scientists are coming closer to developing vaccines for these deadly diseases.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention monitors the United States for conditions such as Ebola infection, and its labs can test for the Ebola virus. Mayo Clinic does not test for the Ebola and Marburg viruses.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms typically begin abruptly within five to 10 days of infection with Ebola or Marburg virus. Early signs and symptoms include:
  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Chills
  • Weakness
Over time, symptoms become increasingly severe and may include:
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea (may be bloody)
  • Red eyes
  • Raised rash
  • Chest pain and cough
  • Stomach pain
  • Severe weight loss
  • Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruising (people near death may bleed from other orifices, such as ears, nose and rectum)
  • Internal bleeding

Causes

Ebola virus has been found in African monkeys, chimps and other nonhuman primates. A milder strain of Ebola has been discovered in monkeys and pigs in the Philippines. Marburg virus has been found in monkeys, chimps and fruit bats in Africa.

Transmission from animals to humans

Experts suspect that both viruses are transmitted to humans through an infected animal's bodily fluids. Examples include:
  • Blood. Butchering or eating infected animals can spread the viruses. Scientists who have operated on infected animals as part of their research have also contracted the virus.
  • Waste products. Tourists in certain African caves and some underground mine workers have been infected with the Marburg virus, possibly through contact with the feces or urine of infected bats.

Transmission from person to person

Infected people typically don't become contagious until they develop symptoms. Family members are often infected as they care for sick relatives or prepare the dead for burial.
Medical personnel can be infected if they don't use protective gear, such as surgical masks and gloves. Medical centers in Africa are often so poor that they must reuse needles and syringes. Some of the worst Ebola epidemics have occurred because contaminated injection equipment wasn't sterilized between uses.
There's no evidence that Ebola virus or Marburg virus can be spread via insect bites.

Risk factors

For most people, the risk of getting Ebola or Marburg viruses (hemorrhagic fevers) is low. The risk increases if you:
  • Travel to Africa. You're at increased risk if you visit or work in areas where Ebola virus or Marburg virus outbreaks have occurred.
  • Conduct animal research. People are more likely to contract the Ebola or Marburg virus if they conduct animal research with monkeys imported from Africa or the Philippines.
  • Provide medical or personal care. Family members are often infected as they care for sick relatives. Medical personnel also can be infected if they don't use protective gear, such as surgical masks and gloves.
  • Prepare people for burial. The bodies of people who have died of Ebola or Marburg hemorrhagic fever are still contagious. Helping prepare these bodies for burial can increase your risk of developing the disease.

Complications

Both Ebola and Marburg hemorrhagic fevers lead to death for a high percentage of people who are affected. As the illness progresses, it can cause:
  • Multiple organ failure
  • Severe bleeding
  • Jaundice
  • Delirium
  • Seizures
  • Coma
  • Shock
One reason the viruses are so deadly is that they interfere with the immune system's ability to mount a defense. But scientists don't understand why some people recover from Ebola and Marburg and others don't.
For people who survive, recovery is slow. It may take months to regain weight and strength, and the viruses remain in the body for weeks. People may experience:
  • Hair loss
  • Sensory changes
  • Liver inflammation (hepatitis)
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Eye inflammation
  • Testicular inflammation

Preparing for your appointment

The possibility of contracting Ebola or Marburg virus is extremely low unless you've had direct contact with the body fluids of an infected person or animal.
If you think that you or a family member may have been exposed to one of the viruses, call your doctor or go to the nearest emergency room immediately. If you're not referred to an infectious disease specialist, ask to see one.
If you're from the United States and traveling or working abroad, the nearest U.S. Embassy can help you find a doctor. If you're from another country, contact your country's embassy. Be sure to tell your doctor or hospital about your symptoms before your visit so that precautions can be taken to prevent transmission of the virus to others.

What you can do

Before your appointment, to help your doctor find the cause of your symptoms, write a list that answers the following questions:
  • What symptoms do you have? When did they start?
  • Have you recently traveled in Africa? If so, what part?
  • If you were recently in Africa, did you hunt or eat monkeys?
  • Did you recently visit caves or underground mines in Africa?
  • Are you employed in a lab that uses monkeys from Africa or the Philippines in research?

Sunday, December 25, 2016

The Contents of Cattle Diseases and Conditions of Campylobacter infection (Vibriosis)



Campylobacter infection (Vibriosis)

  The NADIS data show that abortion and infertility remain significant problems on farm. One of the most important causes of infertility and abortion in UK cattle is infection by Campylobacter fetus. This organism can cause sporadic abortion, abortion storms, metritis, delayed return to heat, and very low pregnancy rates.

How do cows get infected?

Sporadic abortion, that is the one-off case, is probably associated with the bacteria getting in via the guts. However the vast majority of problems associated with Campylobacter are linked to venereal infection. In most cases the source of infection is an infected mature bull bought onto the farm, which then spreads the bacteria as it mates. The most high-risk animal is a hire bull. Younger bulls and breeding females are less common sources of infection but any animal that has been previously mated is a potential source.

In bulls, infection is not associated with clinical signs, problems with Campylobacter are exclusive to the female

Clinical signs

  • Mild endometritis
  • Failure to conceive .. Return to service at normal time
  • Early embryonic death .. Delayed return to service
  • Late embryonic death .. Abortion (usually 4 to 5 months)
     Cows (but not bulls) readily become immune to infection, so quite often Campylobacter is first seen as a problem after the introduction of a bull, which resolves itself over the period of a few months. However, heifers served by the bull for the first time remain susceptible and immunity is often not protective for more than one year. Additionally the bacterium can be found in vaginal mucous for more than a year after infection even after the development of immunity. Such cows are good sources of infection for new uninfected bulls Diagnosis
  • Campylobacter can be isolated from aborted fetuses and fetal membranes – the bacterium is found in about 3% of abortion cases in which a diagnosis is made.
  • Most commonly Campylobacter is suspected when there are high return rates or poor pregnancy rates in a herd using natural service. However, proving the role of Campylobacter can be difficult as we have no test which has a sufficiently low rate of false negatives
  • Sheath washing of bulls followed by culture in the laboratory is the best available method of identifying infected bulls. However, although a positive test

    is a useful indication of infection, a negative result is not; the test is insensitive and does not pick up all infected bulls
  • Identifying infected cows is more difficult. Culture of vaginal mucus is less sensitive than culture of sheath washings so more infected cows will be missed. If you suspect Campylobacter get your vet to collect samples from at least 12 cows served by the suspect bull or bulls as this will significantly increase the chances of finding the bacterium.

Treatment

In cows treatment is not very effective, and, particularly because diagnosis is often made in the late stage of the disease, it is usually best to wait for natural immunity to eliminate the disease. Routine treatment of bulls bought onto a farm can reduce (but NOT eliminate) the risk of them spreading disease.

Control

In infected herds stop using natural service until at least two years after initial infection began. If oestrus detection is a problem then synchronisation with fixed time AI should be used. Vaccination is extremely effective n the control of Campylobacter, however no authorised vaccines are available in the UK. For severe problems your vet can get an autogenous vaccine made up which can be used on your herd only.

Prevention


As there are no authorised vaccines available in the UK, prevention is based on maximising biosecurity. In an uninfected herd maintaining a closed herd will prevent disease, but if this is not possible then a buying policy of purchasing virgin heifers and bulls only will not significantly increase the risk. If a bull has to be bought the best policy is the younger the better. If you have to buy in a mature bull, treat it with antibiotics before it is used to mate cows and use it on a small number of cows only so that its fertility can be monitored before it is used for service in the main herd

Saturday, December 24, 2016

JIKWAMUE NA MAISHA MAGUMU KWA UFUGAJI RAHISI WA KUKU




Utangulizi

   Ufugaji wa kuku ni njia rahisi ya kujipatia kipato na lishe bora kwa kaya nyingi za vijijini.
Hii ni kutokana na ukweli kwamba:
• Ufugaji hauhitaji mtaji mkubwa kuuanzisha.
• Ni rahisi kuusimamia.
• Faida inapatikana mapema.
• Mali ghafi nyingi zinazohitajika zinapatikana kwa urahisi katika mazingira ya vijijini.
• Kwa kipindi cha hivi karibuni, uzoefu unaonyesha kuwa soko la kuku wa kienyeji
linakua na linaelekea kwenye kutokutosheleza wateja.

       Pamoja na kuwepo kwa fursa hii nzuri ya kujikwamua kiuchumi, bado haijatumika kikamilifu.
Changamoto kubwa iliyopo ni namna ya kudhibiti na kutibu magonjwa ya kuku. Wafugaji
wa kuku wanapokuwa wameanza kuona matokeo mazuri ya shughuli hii wengi urudishwa
nyuma na kuvunjwa moyo kuendelea kutokana na hasara zinazotokana na magonjwa.
Tatizo hili limeendelea kwa sababu ya:
• Kushindwa kuyatambua vizuri magongwa.
• Kutofahamu njia za kuyadhibiti kwa chanjo na kwa njia nyinginezo hata za asili.
• Kutofahamu tiba sahihi ya magonjwa hayo.
• Kutofahamu taratibu za ufugaji zinazoweza kupunguza matukio ya magonjwa.

       Madhumuni ya makala hii ni kumpa mfugaji mwongozo aweze kutambua dalili za magonjwa
mbali mbali ya kuku kwa kina na jinsi ya kuyakinga na kuyatibu. Hatimaye aweze kuwa
msaada kwa wafugaji wengine.

Mambo yafuatayo yataelezwa katika mfululizo wa makala hii:

• Magonjwa ya kuku yanayotokana na virusi.
• Magonjwa ya kuku yanayotokana na bakteria.
• Magonjwa ya kuku yanayotokana na protozoa.
• Wadudu wasumbufu katika kuku.
• Chanjo muhimu kwa kuku.
• Kanuni muhimu za kudhibiti magonjwa.

Tiba na chanjo dhidi ya magonjwa ya kuku

      Afya ya kuku huweza kuathiriwa na magonjwa ya aina nyingi, wadudu tofauti na lishe duni
ambavyo husababisha hasara kwa mfugaji yasipodhibitiwa au kutibiwa mapema. Hasara
hizo ni pamoja na gharama za matibabu, kushuka kwa utagaji mayai, kudumaa na hata vifo.
Sura hii itazingatia zaidi kueleza magonjwa na wadudu pamoja na athari za lishe duni katika
uzalishaji wa kuku wa asili.

Dalili za kuku Mgonjwa

Dalili za ujumla za kuku mgonjwa ni kama zifuatazo:-
• Kuzubaa
• Kupoteza hamu ya kula
• Kujitenga na wenzake katika kundi
• Kujikunyata
• Kupunguza au kusimama kutaga
Kumbuka:

Ukiona dalili moja au zaidi ya hizi muone mtaalam wa mifugo
aliye karibu.

Magonjwa ya kuku
Magonjwa yanayoweza kuathiri kuku ni mengi. Magonjwa hayo yamegawanyika katika
makundi tofauti kutegemeana na kisababishi chake. Vyanzo vya magonjwa ni virusi,
bakteria, protozoa, minyoo, wadudu wa aina mbali mbali na upungufu wa virutubisho
kwenye chakula cha kuku na uchafu.
Maelezo katika sehemu inayofuata yanafafanua magonjwa mbalimbali ya kuku katika
mtiririko ufuatao:
Magonjwa yanayosababishwa na virusi, bakteria, protozoa, minyoo, viroboto chawa,
utitiri nk., lishe duni na uchafu.


Leo nitazungumzia baadhi ya magonjwa yanayosababishwa na virusi

Kwa kawaida, magonjwa yanayosababishwa na virusi hayatibiki.
Hivyo njia pekee ya kukabiliana nayo ni kwa kuchanja ili kuyadhibiti kabla hayajatokea.
Ikitokea kuku wakaugua magonjwa yanayosababishwa na virusi, unachotakiwa kufanyika ni kutibu madhara yanayotokana na ugonjwa wenyewe kama itakavyofafanuliwa katika maelezo yafuatayo:

Mdondo/Kideri

        Ugonjwa unaosumbua sana wafugaji wa kuku ni Mdondo na wengine huuita Kideri (new
castle disease). Chanzo cha ugonjwa huu ni virusi. Ni ugonjwa unaoathiri kuku wa rika zote
na mara nyingi humaliza kuku wengi au wote vijijini.

Dalili za Mdondo ni:

• Kuku hukohoa
• Kuhema kwa shida
• Hushusha mbawa
• Kupoteza hamu ya kula, kuzubaa, kusinzia
• Manyoya kuvurugika
• Kuharisha kijani
• Kutokwa ute mdomoni na puani
• Kizunguzungu, shingo kujikunja, kurudi kinyumenyume, kupooza mabawa, kuanguka
chali, kupoteza fahamu na hatimaye kufa.
• Kuku wengi kwenye kundi hufa katika kipindi kifupi kwa kufikia asilimia 90 hadi 100.

Uenezaji wa ugonjwa huu ni kwa njia zifuatazo:

• Kinyesi cha kuku anayeumwa kikikanyagwa na miguu, magari, baiskeli na kuwafikia
kuku nwengine.
• Kwa njia ya hewa (kuvuta hewa yenye virusi ) au upepo waweza kusafirisha virusi.
• Mabaki ya kuku anayeumwa kama utumbo, manyoya n.k. visipozikwa vitaeneza
ugonjwa kwa kuku wazima kula mabaki hayo au wanyama watakaokula mabaki hayo
huweza kuyasambaza na kueneza ugonjwa.

Kudhibiti Mdondo


  • Kuchanja

Kwanza kabisa ni chanjo ya Mdondo.
Zipo aina tofauti za chanjo ya Mdondo. Lakini chanjo iliyo rahisi kutumiwa vijijini inaitwa I-2
Thermostable. Chanjo hii tofauti na chanjo nyingine nyingi inao uwezo wa kustahimili joto.
Hutolewa kwa njia ya kuku kudondoshewa tone moja la dawa katika jicho moja tu. Hii ni dozi
kamili kwa kuku wa umri wowote.


Utaratibu wa kuchanja kwa dawa ya I – 2 Thermostable

• Mdondo hauna tiba kwa hiyo unakingwa kwa chanjo
Kuku wachanjwe mara baada ya kutotolewa bila kusubiri mzunguko au ratiba ya
chanjo inayofuata katika eneo husika.
• Kuku wachanjwe kila baada ya miezi mitatu bila kukosa. Kama unayo kalenda weka
alama kwenye tarehe za kuchanja ili uweze kufanya maandalizi mapema ya upatikanaji
wa dawa.
• Kuku wachanjwe angalau mwezi mmoja kabla ya mlipuko wa ugonjwa . Kwa kawaida
wafugaji wanafahamu miezi ya mlipuko ya ugonjwa huu katika maeneo yao.
• Angalia sana uchanje kuku ambao hawajaambukizwa. Kuku akiishaugua chanjo
haitasaidia bali itaongeza kasi ya ugonjwa.
• Japo chanjo ya I-2 Thermostable, ni muhimu ihifadhiwe sehemu kavu na yenye
ubaridi wa kawaida isipate joto, la sivyo itaharibika na haitafaa tena kwa chanjo. Pia
unaposafirisha dawa hii tumia chombo amacho hakitaruhusu dawa kupata joto. Vile
vile wakati wa kuchanja shughuli hii ifanyie kivulini dawa isipate mionzi ya jua.

Njia nyingine za kudhibiti Mdondo

- Banda na vyombo vyote vinavyotumika ndani ya banda.viwe safi wakati wote.
- Tenga kuku wageni kwa muda wa wiki 2 na kuwachanja kabla ya kuwachanganya na
kuku wenyeji.

Choma mizoga inayoweza kuletwa kwenye eneo lako.
- Usiruhusu watu kuingia hovyo kwenye banda, ikibidi kuingia watumie viatu ulivyotenga
kuingilia bandani kwako Kutoruhusu watu kuingia kwenye banda ovyo.
Kudhibiti mdondo usienee kutoka vijiji vingine na ndani ya kundi lako:
- Katika kipindi cha mlipuko wa ugonjwa huu epuka kununua kuku minadani na
kutoka sehemu zenye ugonjwa huu.
- Kuku wako wakiugua Mdondo tenganisha wale waliougua ili wasiwaambukize
walio wazima.
- Kumbuka kuku akiishaugua usimchanje bali mtenge na mpatie chakula na
maji na sehemu nzuri ya kupumzikia.
- Kuku aliyekufa kwa Mdondo azikwe au achomwe
- Kuku aliyechinjwa baada ya kuugua sehemu zake ambazo hazikutumika
kama mifupa, utumbo n.k . vizikwe vyote.
- Kuku wengi wakifa kwa ugonjwa huu usilete kuku wengine katika eneo au
banda lako hadi angalau upite mwezi mmoja.


Itaendea....

Credit: RLDC na Uboreshaji wa Maisha Vijijini


Mawasiliano
0753226538/0719507240 (Afisa Mifugo)

Friday, June 26, 2015

THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF A WORLD WITHOUT WORK AND POLITICAL ECONOMY OF DEVELOPMENT/UNDERDEVELOPMENT..



By A.L. Hidalgo, Steven Mruma and  Daniel W. Drezner
Daniel W. Drezner is a professor of international politics at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and a regular contributor to Post Everything.

I had sufficient amounts of leisure time to read Derek Thompson’s long read in the Atlantic about “A World Without Work” — which I suppose helps to partially validate Thompson’s hypothesis. The article suggests that John Maynard Keynes’s prediction made in 1930 that in the span of a century, “the economic problem may be solved, or be at least within sight of solution, within a hundred years.”
Keynes elaborated on the effect this could have:
It is startling because — if, instead of looking into the future, we look into the past — we find that the economic problem, the struggle for subsistence, always has been hitherto the primary, most pressing problem of the human race-not only of the human race, but of the whole of the biological kingdom from the beginnings of life in its most primitive forms.
Thus we have been expressly evolved by nature-with all our impulses and deepest instincts-for the purpose of solving the economic problem. If the economic problem is solved, mankind will be deprived of its traditional purpose.
Which brings us to Thompson’s essay, which is not quite as sanguine:
What may be looming is something different: an era of technological unemployment, in which computer scientists and software engineers essentially invent us out of work, and the total number of jobs declines steadily and permanently….


What does the “end of work” mean, exactly? It does not mean the imminence of total unemployment, nor is the United States remotely likely to face, say, 30 or 50 percent unemployment within the next decade. Rather, technology could exert a slow but continual downward pressure on the value and availability of work—that is, on wages and on the share of prime-age workers with full-time jobs. Eventually, by degrees, that could create a new normal, where the expectation that work will be a central feature of adult life dissipates for a significant portion of society.
Thompson goes on to sketch three response strategies to these kinds of shifts — expanding consumption, communal creativity and contingent work arrangements.
Thompson quotes serious economists like Lawrence Katz and Larry Summers offering validity to the combined effects of automation and the sharing economy on the traditional employment paradigm. The essay is definitely worth a close read.
That said, the political economy person in me keeps mulling over the following three questions:
1.  What happens to the distribution of benefits?

As Thompson notes, it’s becoming much cheaper to make things. But this doesn’t mean that consumers won’t have to pay for them. And if the employment paradigm breaks down, where does the income come from?  The sharing economy, for example, increases the rewards to owners of capital — exacerbating an ongoing trend toward rewarding owners of capital over labor.  Thompson references “post-wage arrangements” and “universal basic income,” but these kinds of public policies require things like, you know, political support. And I can see upending the custom of “work-for-income” as politically problematic. So we wind up win a world posited by the likes of Marx and Mill — one in which the science of production has been settled, but the distribution of consumption has not.
2. What does the international relations of a world without work look like?
Thompson writes about the United States — or the developed world -— like it’s hermetically sealed. But I’m betting that a “world without work” paradigm would have calamitous effects on emerging markets. Would increasing gaps in affluence between post-work and ongoing-work societies play out in the form of violent conflict? And if it did, would post-work societies rely on autonomous weapons to defend themselves against the have-nots of the developing world? And how would that work out for everyone?
3. What would the reactionary political movement to a world without work look like?
It’s worth remembering that this should all be good news. Scarcity is easing as a problem, people can find their social purpose in non-economic pursuits, and so forth. But the bias in Thompson’s article is that the post-work generation embraces artisan crafts as the New New Thing. I can think of a lot of darker ideologies that this kind of creative destruction can foster — particularly if income inequality persists. Which is why I can’t shake the feeling that, as happy as we should be about this possibility, it’s far from an unalloyed good.
In this article we have tried to answer to the question ‘why some economies are developed and other

economies are underdeveloped?’ For this, we have enacted an explanation which is inspired on the ideasof Dependence Theory authors and which is based on three premises: both phenomena have commoncauses; both phenomena have opposite and symmetric causes; and both phenomena are the result ofhistoric process which arrive to ours days.

    Then we have identified like underdevelopment causes: the colonial exploitation; the trade exploitation;the financial exploitation; the plenty curse; the heritage dual social structure; the no-permanentpresence of Social Rule of Law; and the global apartheid. And the development causes will be: the colonialexploitation; the trade exploitation; the financial exploitation; the scant resources distribution; the pluralsocial structure; the permanent presence of Social Rule of Law; and the global apartheid.

To be continue.....


Saturday, November 1, 2014

Women A Man Shouldn’t Marry And 10 Types of Men A Woman Shouldn’t Marry.


      If there's one thing I know about women, it's that there are 11 types of them: ten types that men do not want to marry, and then the wife type. If you're one of the ten gross unwifeable kinds, WOE BETIDE YOU, because not only are you dumb and annoying and probably love your mom too much, you also can't fulfill your womanly prime directive! Which is to get married. At all cost. To whomever. AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
At least, that's what I learned from Samantha Daniels's "10 Types of Women That Men Do Not Want to Marry," a handy personality checklist for women who just want to be married to anyone no matter what and are eager to carve up their personalities into a freakish amalgam of bland woman-tropes so they can land the kind of man who likes women who aren't human beings. In other words...romance! The 10 types of unmanageable hags include: Miss "I Have Daddy Issues," Miss "I Want To Change You," Miss "Bossy Pants," Miss "I Live For You And I Have Nothing Else Going On," Miss "I Speak To My Mother Five Times A Day About Everything," and Miss "I Don't Eat."
Because yep. That's what people are like! We just have one personality trait each, like Smurfs. (Be sure to tune in for next week's column: "The One Type of Female Smurf that All the Other Smurfs Except One Totally Want to Bang.")
But turnabout is fair play—ladies shouldn't have to settle for just any old man, and we shouldn't be the only ones invested in self-improvement in the name of wedlock. So, after thorough scientific research, I've made my own equally sensical list, dividing all the men on earth into the ten types of men that there are. On earth. Make sure you're not any of these men and you will definitely get a whole bunch of wives—guaranteed! It's science like that!

10 Women A Man Shouldn’t Marry
1. The Late Night Texter
You know, the girl who only texts you after midnight. She’s the girl who only contacts you when she wants something, or someone to talk to. You can go weeks without hearing from this person, only to rarely get a text full of smiley faces and a message that reads, “Hey! How are you?” They aren’t consistent. Don’t fall into the trap.
2. The Gold-digger
She’s the woman who loves your wallet, bank account, and credit cards. Be sure to stay away from a woman who is only interested in material things, and how much of these things your salary can buy her.
3. The Flirt
This woman loves to flirt with strangers, waiters, and even your friends. The woman you should seek is one who flirts with you and only you, no matter the circumstance. That last thing you want is to be married to someone who will deliberately flirt with people in front or you, let alone behind your back.
4. The Liar
Don’t trust a woman who is constantly lying to you. If you continue to ignore her inconsistencies, she could eventually do something detrimental to your relationship.
5. The Flake
This is the woman who calls off dates, constantly changes plans and never shows up when she promised she would. If you think this will change once you’re married, you’re wrong. A flakey woman will never put her man first.
6. The Partier
Stay away from her. Although she may seem as a fun and outgoing, I guarantee you will be better off with someone who stays away from gatherings full of bad mistakes and regretful decisions. The lifestyle of a partier never fits well with the maturity that is needed in marriage.
7. The Quick To Judge
Everyone is entitled to their own opinion, but I would encourage you to stay away from the woman who constantly throws judgments at others. This is a bad habit that is not only frowned upon, but it will also hinder you from finding any type of outside friendships. Let Judge Judy stay a TV show. Don’t marry her.
8. The Immodest Dresser
The last thing you want to do is marry someone who put’s their body on display for the rest of the world to see. Without going into too much detail, I would encourage you to marry someone who respects their body enough to keep it covered and modest.
9. The Negative Nancy
She’s the woman who can find something negative in just about anything. And although there is nothing wrong with being a little skeptical, living life with someone who is constantly negative will definitely put a damper on your relationship. It’s not worth it.
10. The Cheater
I’m all for grace and second chances, but the last thing you want is to find yourself in a marriage with someone you can’t even trust. I’m a huge believe that everyone can change, but please don’t get caught up in the lie that cheating is just normal part of life. You deserve better.

10 Men A Woman Shouldn’t Marry

1. The Late Night Texter
You know, the guy who only texts you after midnight. He’s the guy who only contacts you when he wants something, or someone to talk to. You can go weeks without hearing from this person, only to rarely get a text full of smiley faces and a message that reads, “Hey! How are you?” They aren’t consistent. Don’t fall into the trap.
2. The Slacker
He’s the guy who has no dreams, vision, or passion to get up and do anything. Don’t let his smooth words trick you into a relationship that will be full of dull moments and half-hearted plans.
3. The Liar
Don’t trust a man who is constantly lying to you. If you continue to ignore his inconsistencies, he could eventually do something detrimental to your relationship.
4. The Flake
This is the guy who calls of dates, constantly changes plans, and never shows up when he promises. If you think this will change once you’re married, you’re wrong. A flakey man will never put his woman first.
5. The Cheater


I’m all for grace and second chances, but the last thing you want is to find yourself in a marriage with someone you can’t even trust. I’m a huge believe that everyone can change, but please don’t get caught up in the lie that cheating is just normal part of life. You deserve better.
6. The Partier
Stay away from him. Although he may seem as a fun and outgoing, I guarantee you will be better off with someone who stays away from gatherings full of bad mistakes and regretful decisions. The lifestyle of a partier never fits well with the maturity needed in marriage.
7. The Fake
He’s the guy who claims to be one thing, but in person never steps up to the plate. Not only is this unfair to your relationship, but you need to understand this isn’t going to stop anytime soon. Look for a man who is who he claims to be. Fakes can only pretend for so long.
8. The Hypocrite
He goes back and forth between his beliefs, standards, and regulations of life. Most of the time this man will change things to better suit his personal life. Don’t expect yourself to have a thriving relationship with someone who is constantly hypocritical in their words and actions.
9. The Flirt
This man loves to flirtatiously chat with strangers, waiters, and even your friends. The man you should seek is one who flirts with you and only you, no matter the circumstance. That last thing you want is to be married to someone who will deliberately flirt with people in front or you, let alone behind your back.
10. The Jerk
Simple. Don’t marry a jerk. You deserve more than that this guy can offer you. Look for someone who is kind, generous, selfless, and chivalrous. That last thing you want is to be embarrassed about bringing your man in public, all due to his attitude. Not to mention, verbal abuse is a widely spread problem that I don’t believe any woman should have to encounter.

 ADDITIONAL POINTS:  TYPE OF MEN THAT WOMAN SHOULDN'T MARRY 

Women often wonder if there are men out there who just won’t marry them. The answer is yes. These men are probably the type that you wouldn’t want to marry anyway! Here are the ten men you should stay away from.

1. The guy who is still hung up on his ex. He is not over her and will not marry you because you aren’t her.
2..The guy who doesn’t want a serious relationship “right now”. This is either a convenient way for him to dump you without looking like a total jerk, or he will never be ready to make that leap.
3. The guy who is always looking for something better. He is always going to be wondering if there is someone better out there, and if he thinks that he has found it, he will dump you in a second.
4. The guy who likes to hang out with guys old enough to be his sons. He will be out clubbing and being immature with younger guys, trying to pick up women to impress them.
5. The guy who is still trying to figure out what he wants from his career. He will always be more focused on his job than you.
6. The guy who is over fifty and has never been married. He is looking for Miss Right, but if he hasn’t found her yet, why would you be it?
7. The guy who doesn’t believe in monogamy. Yeah, stay clear of this one at all costs (unless you are into that kind of thing). Once a cheater, always a cheater.
8. The guy who is all about himself. He only thinks of him, not anyone else. He won’t care about your feelings or thoughts because they aren’t his.
9. The guy who is all about his kids. This can seem sweet in the beginning until you realize there is no room left for you in the family.
10. The guy who still dates other women while he says he really cares about you. If he really cares, he wouldn’t need the other dates.

-Jarrid Wilson, Sammantha and edited by Steven Mruma (Researcher)
Reason #1: They’ve got plenty of company
Perhaps the first reason women are happier to stay single is because they’re hardly the pariahs they were in the past. Today, a whopping 16 million boomers — more than 25 percent of men and women in this age group — are single. That means unattached women this age are rarely lacking in a little company, whether that’s a night out with some single pals or a hot date on a Saturday night. Internet dating has also helped turn the world into their oyster, presenting them with tons of prospects, many of whom are much younger and very interested in wooing an older woman.

All in all, it’s easier than ever for women this age to get the same emotional perks that their married counterparts do, whether that be affection, intimacy, shared fun or laughter. In fact, some of these singles might argue that their love lives are even more exciting by comparison, since their relationships aren’t weighed down by the draining domestic concerns that marriage entails. “You’d be surprised,” says Carol Ford, a fifty-something widow for ten years and online dater for two years, “how easy it is to find someone who is warm and interesting to be with. I’ve been out with a lot of charming men my age. Then after a romantic evening, I can go back to my little retreat and he goes to his, and there’s no squabbling over ‘Why didn’t you fold my laundry the way I like it?’”

Reason #2: They’d rather downsize domestically
While 7.6 million boomers have never been married, the majority have tied the knot at some point. Many have raised children. If they find themselves single again after the death or a spouse or divorce, marriage is rarely high on their list of priorities because, well, they’ve already been there, done that. In fact, many have spent so much of their lives compromising in the name of family — sacrificing their dreams of starting a business to take care of their kids, passing on that girls-only Caribbean vacation because their husband argued that money was tight — that being single can feel downright liberating! Ford, for one, is reveling in her ability to do what she wants, when she wants. “Today, for example, I bought a $2,500 ‘shabby chic’ entertainment unit with chicken wire on one of the panels,” she says. “My husband would have flipped out. But I didn’t have to explain to anyone why I just had to have this beat-up old cabinet!” - See more at: http://www.match.com/magazine/article/6801/I-Dont-Want-To-Get-Married/#sthash.SHNaVVNc.dpuf
Most people believe that men over 50 have long cherished their bachelordom. But these days, a growing number of women also feel that
These days, a growing number of women over 50 feel that staying single has a whole lot of benefits.
staying single has a whole lot of benefits. When I was conducting research for my book, The Boomers’ Guide to Online Dating, I was surprised by how often I heard this sentiment. This doesn’t mean these women aren’t dating—on the contrary, their calendars are packed with fun plans and romantic prospects. But if a well-meaning male suitor starts putting out feelers along the lines of, “So do you ever want to get married someday?” they’re more likely than ever to hear a woman say, “I doubt it”—and really mean it. What’s caused such a dramatic shift in 50-plus women’s romantic goals? Read on to find out.

Reason #1: They’ve got plenty of company
Perhaps the first reason women are happier to stay single is because they’re hardly the pariahs they were in the past. Today, a whopping 16 million boomers — more than 25 percent of men and women in this age group — are single. That means unattached women this age are rarely lacking in a little company, whether that’s a night out with some single pals or a hot date on a Saturday night. Internet dating has also helped turn the world into their oyster, presenting them with tons of prospects, many of whom are much younger and very interested in wooing an older woman.

All in all, it’s easier than ever for women this age to get the same emotional perks that their married counterparts do, whether that be affection, intimacy, shared fun or laughter. In fact, some of these singles might argue that their love lives are even more exciting by comparison, since their relationships aren’t weighed down by the draining domestic concerns that marriage entails. “You’d be surprised,” says Carol Ford, a fifty-something widow for ten years and online dater for two years, “how easy it is to find someone who is warm and interesting to be with. I’ve been out with a lot of charming men my age. Then after a romantic evening, I can go back to my little retreat and he goes to his, and there’s no squabbling over ‘Why didn’t you fold my laundry the way I like it?’”

Reason #2: They’d rather downsize domestically
While 7.6 million boomers have never been married, the majority have tied the knot at some point. Many have raised children. If they find themselves single again after the death or a spouse or divorce, marriage is rarely high on their list of priorities because, well, they’ve already been there, done that. In fact, many have spent so much of their lives compromising in the name of family — sacrificing their dreams of starting a business to take care of their kids, passing on that girls-only Caribbean vacation because their husband argued that money was tight — that being single can feel downright liberating! Ford, for one, is reveling in her ability to do what she wants, when she wants. “Today, for example, I bought a $2,500 ‘shabby chic’ entertainment unit with chicken wire on one of the panels,” she says. “My husband would have flipped out. But I didn’t have to explain to anyone why I just had to have this beat-up old cabinet!”

Reason #3: Their families come first
Another factor for women who already have families under their belt is how messy things can become with a new husband in the picture. Conflicts of all kinds can crop up once families blend, even if the kids are already out on their own.
It felt disloyal to hear someone doubt him.
Some women express reluctance to share their family inheritance with someone else and their children. Others worry about the emotional impact a new husband would have on the family dynamic. Rather than rock the boat, they’d rather keep things status quo. One copy editor acquaintance of mine I know from New Jersey has this story to share: “I dated a really nice man, and we had no problems with each other,” she says. “But he would criticize my 22-year-old son, and I was very sensitive to that. You know, if you bring up a child, you have this history; the long-term view. Maybe the kid isn’t doing so well at this point in time, but you remember how hard he worked to win the 400-meter butterfly in a junior varsity swim, say, and you believe he’ll dig down and be a winner again. It felt disloyal to hear someone doubt him. So I picked motherhood over marriage.”

Reason #4: They don’t need a man to make ends meet
Now more than ever, women in this age group are engaged in successful careers with lucrative salaries. The impact of this fact has been twofold: One, they’re less likely to think they need to marry a guy to get by. Two, they’re often so focused on their careers that socializing and romantic pursuits get put on the back burner. Think of bachelorette extraordinaire Secretary of State Dr. Condoleezza Rice. She is not atypical of other women with doctorates, who, as a group, are twice as likely as doctoral men never to have married or to be divorced.

Sometimes high achievers feel marriage would be more of an annoying distraction than a welcome diversion. Just ask boomer Jan Harayda, a successful author and former women’s magazine editor. “There have been many points in my career,” she says, “when I’ve really had to concentrate to meet deadlines or the work is going smoothly and I’m having so much fun with it that I just don’t want to stop.” And while many men often view marriage as a support network that will help further their professional goals, women still tend to think in either/or terms: They can have a family or a career, but “having it all,” so to speak, isn’t as easy as the slogan suggests. Whether or not this is true is debatable, but the feeling is real and very prevalent, keeping many women content pouring their energy into a career rather than a forging a long-lasting relationship.

The bottom line is, there are so many mature unmarried folks, male and female, that going solo doesn’t feel like a lonely proposition any more. If you want companionship but not necessarily commitment, love but maybe not wedlock, chances have never been better that you’re in very good company.


Judsen Culbreth is the author of The Boomers’ Guide to Online Dating. - See more at: http://www.match.com/magazine/article/6801/I-Dont-Want-To-Get-Married/#sthash.SHNaVVNc.dpuf
Most people believe that men over 50 have long cherished their bachelordom. But these days, a growing number of women also feel that
These days, a growing number of women over 50 feel that staying single has a whole lot of benefits.
staying single has a whole lot of benefits. When I was conducting research for my book, The Boomers’ Guide to Online Dating, I was surprised by how often I heard this sentiment. This doesn’t mean these women aren’t dating—on the contrary, their calendars are packed with fun plans and romantic prospects. But if a well-meaning male suitor starts putting out feelers along the lines of, “So do you ever want to get married someday?” they’re more likely than ever to hear a woman say, “I doubt it”—and really mean it. What’s caused such a dramatic shift in 50-plus women’s romantic goals? Read on to find out.

Reason #1: They’ve got plenty of company
Perhaps the first reason women are happier to stay single is because they’re hardly the pariahs they were in the past. Today, a whopping 16 million boomers — more than 25 percent of men and women in this age group — are single. That means unattached women this age are rarely lacking in a little company, whether that’s a night out with some single pals or a hot date on a Saturday night. Internet dating has also helped turn the world into their oyster, presenting them with tons of prospects, many of whom are much younger and very interested in wooing an older woman.

All in all, it’s easier than ever for women this age to get the same emotional perks that their married counterparts do, whether that be affection, intimacy, shared fun or laughter. In fact, some of these singles might argue that their love lives are even more exciting by comparison, since their relationships aren’t weighed down by the draining domestic concerns that marriage entails. “You’d be surprised,” says Carol Ford, a fifty-something widow for ten years and online dater for two years, “how easy it is to find someone who is warm and interesting to be with. I’ve been out with a lot of charming men my age. Then after a romantic evening, I can go back to my little retreat and he goes to his, and there’s no squabbling over ‘Why didn’t you fold my laundry the way I like it?’”

Reason #2: They’d rather downsize domestically
While 7.6 million boomers have never been married, the majority have tied the knot at some point. Many have raised children. If they find themselves single again after the death or a spouse or divorce, marriage is rarely high on their list of priorities because, well, they’ve already been there, done that. In fact, many have spent so much of their lives compromising in the name of family — sacrificing their dreams of starting a business to take care of their kids, passing on that girls-only Caribbean vacation because their husband argued that money was tight — that being single can feel downright liberating! Ford, for one, is reveling in her ability to do what she wants, when she wants. “Today, for example, I bought a $2,500 ‘shabby chic’ entertainment unit with chicken wire on one of the panels,” she says. “My husband would have flipped out. But I didn’t have to explain to anyone why I just had to have this beat-up old cabinet!”

Reason #3: Their families come first
Another factor for women who already have families under their belt is how messy things can become with a new husband in the picture. Conflicts of all kinds can crop up once families blend, even if the kids are already out on their own.
It felt disloyal to hear someone doubt him.
Some women express reluctance to share their family inheritance with someone else and their children. Others worry about the emotional impact a new husband would have on the family dynamic. Rather than rock the boat, they’d rather keep things status quo. One copy editor acquaintance of mine I know from New Jersey has this story to share: “I dated a really nice man, and we had no problems with each other,” she says. “But he would criticize my 22-year-old son, and I was very sensitive to that. You know, if you bring up a child, you have this history; the long-term view. Maybe the kid isn’t doing so well at this point in time, but you remember how hard he worked to win the 400-meter butterfly in a junior varsity swim, say, and you believe he’ll dig down and be a winner again. It felt disloyal to hear someone doubt him. So I picked motherhood over marriage.”

Reason #4: They don’t need a man to make ends meet
Now more than ever, women in this age group are engaged in successful careers with lucrative salaries. The impact of this fact has been twofold: One, they’re less likely to think they need to marry a guy to get by. Two, they’re often so focused on their careers that socializing and romantic pursuits get put on the back burner. Think of bachelorette extraordinaire Secretary of State Dr. Condoleezza Rice. She is not atypical of other women with doctorates, who, as a group, are twice as likely as doctoral men never to have married or to be divorced.

Sometimes high achievers feel marriage would be more of an annoying distraction than a welcome diversion. Just ask boomer Jan Harayda, a successful author and former women’s magazine editor. “There have been many points in my career,” she says, “when I’ve really had to concentrate to meet deadlines or the work is going smoothly and I’m having so much fun with it that I just don’t want to stop.” And while many men often view marriage as a support network that will help further their professional goals, women still tend to think in either/or terms: They can have a family or a career, but “having it all,” so to speak, isn’t as easy as the slogan suggests. Whether or not this is true is debatable, but the feeling is real and very prevalent, keeping many women content pouring their energy into a career rather than a forging a long-lasting relationship.

The bottom line is, there are so many mature unmarried folks, male and female, that going solo doesn’t feel like a lonely proposition any more. If you want companionship but not necessarily commitment, love but maybe not wedlock, chances have never been better that you’re in very good company.


Judsen Culbreth is the author of The Boomers’ Guide to Online Dating. - See more at: http://www.match.com/magazine/article/6801/I-Dont-Want-To-Get-Married/#sthash.SHNaVVNc.dpuf
Most people believe that men over 50 have long cherished their bachelordom. But these days, a growing number of women also feel that
These days, a growing number of women over 50 feel that staying single has a whole lot of benefits.
staying single has a whole lot of benefits. When I was conducting research for my book, The Boomers’ Guide to Online Dating, I was surprised by how often I heard this sentiment. This doesn’t mean these women aren’t dating—on the contrary, their calendars are packed with fun plans and romantic prospects. But if a well-meaning male suitor starts putting out feelers along the lines of, “So do you ever want to get married someday?” they’re more likely than ever to hear a woman say, “I doubt it”—and really mean it. What’s caused such a dramatic shift in 50-plus women’s romantic goals? Read on to find out.

Reason #1: They’ve got plenty of company
Perhaps the first reason women are happier to stay single is because they’re hardly the pariahs they were in the past. Today, a whopping 16 million boomers — more than 25 percent of men and women in this age group — are single. That means unattached women this age are rarely lacking in a little company, whether that’s a night out with some single pals or a hot date on a Saturday night. Internet dating has also helped turn the world into their oyster, presenting them with tons of prospects, many of whom are much younger and very interested in wooing an older woman.

All in all, it’s easier than ever for women this age to get the same emotional perks that their married counterparts do, whether that be affection, intimacy, shared fun or laughter. In fact, some of these singles might argue that their love lives are even more exciting by comparison, since their relationships aren’t weighed down by the draining domestic concerns that marriage entails. “You’d be surprised,” says Carol Ford, a fifty-something widow for ten years and online dater for two years, “how easy it is to find someone who is warm and interesting to be with. I’ve been out with a lot of charming men my age. Then after a romantic evening, I can go back to my little retreat and he goes to his, and there’s no squabbling over ‘Why didn’t you fold my laundry the way I like it?’”

Reason #2: They’d rather downsize domestically
While 7.6 million boomers have never been married, the majority have tied the knot at some point. Many have raised children. If they find themselves single again after the death or a spouse or divorce, marriage is rarely high on their list of priorities because, well, they’ve already been there, done that. In fact, many have spent so much of their lives compromising in the name of family — sacrificing their dreams of starting a business to take care of their kids, passing on that girls-only Caribbean vacation because their husband argued that money was tight — that being single can feel downright liberating! Ford, for one, is reveling in her ability to do what she wants, when she wants. “Today, for example, I bought a $2,500 ‘shabby chic’ entertainment unit with chicken wire on one of the panels,” she says. “My husband would have flipped out. But I didn’t have to explain to anyone why I just had to have this beat-up old cabinet!”

Reason #3: Their families come first
Another factor for women who already have families under their belt is how messy things can become with a new husband in the picture. Conflicts of all kinds can crop up once families blend, even if the kids are already out on their own.
It felt disloyal to hear someone doubt him.
Some women express reluctance to share their family inheritance with someone else and their children. Others worry about the emotional impact a new husband would have on the family dynamic. Rather than rock the boat, they’d rather keep things status quo. One copy editor acquaintance of mine I know from New Jersey has this story to share: “I dated a really nice man, and we had no problems with each other,” she says. “But he would criticize my 22-year-old son, and I was very sensitive to that. You know, if you bring up a child, you have this history; the long-term view. Maybe the kid isn’t doing so well at this point in time, but you remember how hard he worked to win the 400-meter butterfly in a junior varsity swim, say, and you believe he’ll dig down and be a winner again. It felt disloyal to hear someone doubt him. So I picked motherhood over marriage.”

Reason #4: They don’t need a man to make ends meet
Now more than ever, women in this age group are engaged in successful careers with lucrative salaries. The impact of this fact has been twofold: One, they’re less likely to think they need to marry a guy to get by. Two, they’re often so focused on their careers that socializing and romantic pursuits get put on the back burner. Think of bachelorette extraordinaire Secretary of State Dr. Condoleezza Rice. She is not atypical of other women with doctorates, who, as a group, are twice as likely as doctoral men never to have married or to be divorced.

Sometimes high achievers feel marriage would be more of an annoying distraction than a welcome diversion. Just ask boomer Jan Harayda, a successful author and former women’s magazine editor. “There have been many points in my career,” she says, “when I’ve really had to concentrate to meet deadlines or the work is going smoothly and I’m having so much fun with it that I just don’t want to stop.” And while many men often view marriage as a support network that will help further their professional goals, women still tend to think in either/or terms: They can have a family or a career, but “having it all,” so to speak, isn’t as easy as the slogan suggests. Whether or not this is true is debatable, but the feeling is real and very prevalent, keeping many women content pouring their energy into a career rather than a forging a long-lasting relationship.

The bottom line is, there are so many mature unmarried folks, male and female, that going solo doesn’t feel like a lonely proposition any more. If you want companionship but not necessarily commitment, love but maybe not wedlock, chances have never been better that you’re in very good company.


Judsen Culbreth is the author of The Boomers’ Guide to Online Dating. - See more at: http://www.match.com/magazine/article/6801/I-Dont-Want-To-Get-Married/#sthash.SHNaVVNc.dpuf

Google+ Badge

Latest Fashion Trends